The Saga of the Aryan Race - Volume 3: Asho Zarathushtra: The Saviour Walks Forth

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In Zoroastrian mythology the final battle between good and evil will take place after 3 years of winter with no summer in between. Then a river of molten metal would sweep the earth, purifying the righteous as a bath of warm milk and scalding the evil, purifying them too. Also, in both mythologies, two necessarily antagonistic forces good and evil and their contention has brought the material universe into being, in both cases a sacred cow is involved, in both cases the death of a sexless giant is involved the first man, GayoMaretan in Zoroastianism.

In both cases, the forces of good and evil will contend till the final days. Evil or chaotic forces are contained underground in both cases. Nails are considered a help to evil forces in both. Loki and his ship of nails of dead men. Cooper also says that Germanic mythology as we now have it is a late corruption of the original, Ragnarok was originally a purification after which the world was restored to its pristine state.

Only later it became the destruction of all Gods but a few. Not so in the Zoroastrian case. I was once surprised to read a book by a German author, written in the early s, on German shepherd dogs which at the very outset quoted the "Vendidad", particularly passages in this ancient book which described the creation of the faithful Dog by Ahura Mazda God Himself.

That showed the popularity of the Vendidad in Germany to me at that time. I also like to mention here that Edgar Cayce the. A most interesting thing to say, perhaps indicating the very ancient culture of old Iran. Please write to me if you have any questions on this ancient religion of the Aryans, called Zoroastrianism. Your friend, Porus Homi Havewala. History of the Ancient Aryans: Outlined in Zoroastrian scriptures. Iran is the ancient name of Persia, and it is derived from the root "Arya" or Aryan, the Indo-European branch of peoples who settled in that land.

The Aryans of ancient Iran were Mazdayasni Zarathushtris, ie. Worshippers of Ahura Mazda the name of God in Avestan as revealed by the ancient prophet Zarathushtra, thousands of years before Christ. However, all the ancient Zoroastrian scriptures speak of an earlier homeland from where our people came, the lost "Airyane Vaejahi" or seedland of the Aryans.

Sanskrit, Latin, Avestan are all sister languages, and the present day upper Indian, Persian and European languages are related eg. The Arabic phase in Iran only began years ago, and we had to escape to India to preserve our Zoroastrian religion. The "Vendidad" is one of the ancient scriptures of the Zoroastrians, actually called the "Vi-daevo-dat" or the law to fight against evil.

Then, the ice age broke on the ancient home and the Aryans were forced to migrate southwards, to the southeast and the southwest. Vedas are scriptures written by the Indo-Europeans or Aryans after they migrated to India. From the descriptions of the weather patterns mentioned in the Vedas, Tilak concluded that the ancient home must be in the Artic regions ie.

Tilak also said that the most ancient historical scripture was the Iranian Vendidad, which actually describes the ancient homeland of the Aryans, the Aryan King Yima Kshaeta who ruled over it Yama Raja, lord of the underworld in latter day Indian Hinduism and the onrush of winter, sent by ahriman the devil which caused the great migration. This is the famous first "Fargad" of the Vendidad which fascinated a lot of European scholars in the last century.

The ancient Aryans believed that the world as created by Ahura Mazda was perfect, with no evil. The first man Gayo Maretan had no disease, no illness, no hunger and thirst. Only the good creation of God existed eg. Then ahriman the evil one attacked the world and caused evil to appear, disease and illness and old age, and the animals and the first man started to die. Night began to fall before the sun was at the noon position - fixed, so there was no time. The evil brood of animals appeared eg.

So evil in the ancient faith is an external introduction, which one day will be purged when the world will be bathed with the purification of fire - the latter also found in old German mythology. Paradise itself will be established on the earth, in the form of the Kingdom of Ahura Mazda. The English word "paradise" itself stems from the Avestan "PairiDaize", meaning the same. Also, the word "garden" probably stems from the Avestan "Garod-man" meaning the House of songs - the ancient name of heaven for the Aryans. The Kings of ancient Iran were very proud to call themselves Aryans, their rock edicts indeed say so.

About a time frame - today, many scholars tend to place Zarathushtra very late in time around BC. The Greek historians at the time of Cyrus placed the first prophet at. However, the ancient Aryans were much sooner than that. Note that as per the Vendidad, Yima Kshaeta King Yima is the ancient king of the Aryans in the ancient homeland Airyanam Vaejahi the seedland of the Aryans , and his memory is retained by even the Indian Vedas as Yama Raja Yama King because the Indian Aryans still remembered their ancient king after their split up in the migration, but they made him "Lord of the netherworld" later on.

Unlike the Indians, the Iranian Aryans still retained a perfect memory of days gone by -the perfect time in the ancient homeland, when Yiam banished disease, death and hunger from the homeland. This was indeed the true "Golden age" of humankind. So, what about the time? The migration actually started before the ice age struck. When the ice and winter set in sent by the evil one , the ancient homeland was destroyed.

If the home was in the North Pole, look for a time when the North Pole was not covered by ice - that would be thousands and thousands of years before. I have estimated that time when the ice age struck as 20, years ago in my book, but the time could be much earlier. There were kings before Yima too, ruling over the Aryans.

Note too that the civilizations of Mohenjo-Daro and Harappa in old India were actually Aryan, and they were starting to decay around bc. They would have been built by the Indo-Aryans much after their initial separation from the Aryans of Iran. An American friend said: "Observation: There's an incredible thread here between something I've seen mentioned about a "Golden Age" of humankind..

Zarathushtra was sent by Ahura Mazda to reaffirm the ancient faith that was taught to Yima Kshaeta and before him, the first man Gayo-Maretan. He was thus the first prophet, to be followed by three Saviours. When the final Saviour comes, the world will be purged by fire and evil destroyed in a final great battle.

Then Ahura Mazda will rule. The mightiest words in the religion are in the Ahunavar, a great prayer. The ending. Throughout the book, there are Fargads chapters which explain the various evils in the eyes of Ahura Mazda. For instance, prostitution and homosexuality are abhorred, so is ill-treatment to dogs. One Fargad details the ancient history of Yima Kshaeta, and the ancient homeland. I first did teach the Aryan religion to him, prior to you. It was then that I replied:.

You are not learned enough to increase the religion among mankind you are not the Messenger of the religion. I ask You this, that in my kingdom there be neither cold wind nor hot wind neither extreme winter or summer , there be no sickness nor death. That my subjects be undying and unwanting, and gloriously happy under my reign. I brought Yima a weapon - a Golden plough which was dagger shaped with golden forks, to signify that his authority was divine, sanctioned by Me. Place could no longer be found for cattle or men. The boundaries of the Aryan kingdom were thus extended in breadth, one third greater than before.

The king stood as an Aryan on the mother earth, praising the country with words fit for prayer. This led to Yima proceeding again towards the south and the west, extending the boundaries of the Aryan kingdom two thirds greater than before. Thus happened the second great migration of the Aryans. This third great migration made the Aryan kingdom three times larger than before.

He controlled invisible time itself, making it so much large in size so as to praise and spread the righteous law. It was time for the evil one's attack. I Who am Ahura Mazda spoke then to Yima Kshaeta: "O splendid Yima, towards the sacred Aryan land will rush evil as a severe fatal winter; evil will rush as thick snow flakes falling in increased depth. From the three directions will wild and ferocious animals attack, arriving from the most dreadful sites. Now the snow will not melt but will form the Polar ice cap. Before in this seedland the grass was so soft the footprint of even a small animal could be observed.

Now, there will be no footprints discernible at all on the packed sheets of hard ice that will form. Here bring the families of Aryan men and women, cattle, dogs, birds and the red flaming fire. Keep earth inside the Vara, to grow green vegetables as food. Make cattle pens, to house the cattle of the Aryan people. From the above, it is quite clear that the migration took place to the South and the West ie.

Iran, India and to the South-West ie. They flourished for thousands of years, before sucuumbing to some other catastrophe of nature, or perhaps invasion by non-Aryan tribes. The book written by the author titled "The Saga of the Aryans", is a historical semi-fictional story, based on the scriptures of the Aryans and the above research on prehistory.

Master sequence of prayers: First, take a bath, or wash the hands and feet and face. With a cap or scarf on your head, and facing the sun or light, but without facing North at any time, pray the Ashem, Yatha, Kemna Mazda, then remove the Kusti from your waist. A detailed guideline for each Geh follows. Note that the most prayers are recommended in the first Geh, Havan, and this includes the Ardibehest Yasht.

The Havan Geh is therefore the best time to pray this Yasht. When the sun rises, start the master sequence above. Rapithavan Geh to PM Start the master sequence above. Ujiren Geh PM to sunset Start the master sequence above. Aiwisuthrem Geh sunset to AM Start the master sequence above. From the first month of Farvardin to the month of Meher, the first roj Hormuz to the last roj Aneran of these months, pray the Rapithavan Geh in its time slot. But from the Month Ava to the Vahistohist Gatha day, ie. Nemaz-i-chehar-disa during Havan, Rapithven and Ujiren.

Ardvisur Niyaesh during Havan, Rapithven and Ujiren. Sarosh Yasht Vadi during Aiwisuthrem Geh only. Patet Pashamani and Stom Karta during any Geh. The Story of Dasturji Meherji Rana and other Zarathushtri stories How Dasturji Meherji Rana broke the power of the evil magician in the court of the Mughal Emperor Akbar A Zarathushtri lady writes: "My grandfather had told me the story about the dastoorji who brought the sun down in the thali of water.

I can't remember the whole thing. The legend goes that Akbar invited the priests of all religions to show him the efficacy of their religions. The Muslims and the Christian Priests arrived, dressed in black but the Dasturjee arrived dressed in spotless white,. The white dress signifies the spiritual and physical purity in our Zarathushtri religion. A terrible magician was also present. He astounded Akbar with many magical feats, then he threw a large shining silver thali plate into the sky, where it stayed suspended high up, catching the rays of the sun and blinding the entire court.

Everyone was panic-stricken. The magician boasted he had raised a second sun with his magic and defied Akbar to bring the thali down. Akbar asked every religion to try, and all the priests came forward one by one to try and break the magician's spell. They tried, but every priest failed to break the magician's power. Finally, Akbar called Meherji and said: "Dekh Meherji! Doosra Sooraj gagan me uda. Look Meherji! A Second sun is flying in the heavens. The silver thali, the second sun fell down with a loud crash at the mere utterance of the ancient Avestan prayers.

The magic of the evil magician was broken and Akbar was highly impressed.


Dasturjees poured Molten metal onto their chests, to show the power of the faith Did you know that great Dasturjees have actually poured boiling molten metal on their chests and have remained unharmed? This was done hundreds of years ago by Aderbad Maraspand, to show the spiritual power of the Zarathushtri faith. The Dasturjee would go through purifying rituals which would purify him, he would pray the Yashts, and then in a state of perfect physical and spiritual purity he would tolerate burning molten metal on his breast. I'd like to see a dastoorji or anyone pour molten metal on his chest and not be burned.

Fire, or molten metal, can never harm the person who is in a state of spiritual and physical purity. The greatest chance for this is a dasturjee, because high dasturjees have to go through the Barashnum ceremony, which is. Of course, a Behdin non-priest can do this too. The main reason a Dasturjee would do that is to show the power of the faith. Tell me, would you be impressed by the miraculous power of the religion if you saw something like that? Blessed are those, who do not see, but yet believe, as Christ said. The Purity of the Nirang "I've heard about the purity of the nirang.

Next time I'm in India, I'm going to get a bottle of sterile nirang and then culture it to see if I find anything there. There must not be much germs in there if we can drink it during the navjote and not die the next day : I have a bottle of nirang at home, but I can't use that because it has already been open and the air has touched it, so I can't use that. Kutar once had nirang tested at a laboratory and the doctors certified it was free of cultures. However, we beleive it was wrong to get it tested in a lab where there are specimens of human urine, excreta, blood etc.

This is spiritually damaging to the Nirang and is a great insult. Some Agiaris are blessed with the presence of a sacred white bull, the Varasyaji Guj. The urine of this special bull is called Taro and has special purificatory qualities as it is. Then, the urine is converted into sterile "Nirang" by the power of Avestan prayers.

This conversion is a common occurence whenever the sacred Nirangdin ceremony is performed before fire by the Zoroastrian priests. It seems that the ancient prayers dating back to possibly more than BC in the language of Avestan which is older than Latin or Sanskrit have a unique mystical vibration and purification power.

When chanted by the physically and spiritually cleansed priests, the Mathras chants have tremendous power against all evil and after all, the bacteria and viruses are considered evil since they putrefy and destroy the good creation of God. The Nirang is used to purify Zoroastrian houses, exorcise evil spirits and bless marriages and spiritual initiations - indeed as the. The power of Mathravani and the story of "Parsi taro tharbariyo" "Are you really thrilled to hear that a German man could cure people by praying certain Avestan passages and prayers??

You don't consider it sacreligious that this guy who was not a born Z was saying our prayers??

Traditional Zoroastrianism

I personally think it's great, but I thought you would not be to happy to hear it. But I'm glad you are!! If an outsider can pray the Mathravani and get such amazing results because he has FAITH in it, how much luckier we are, born in such a great and powerful religion. How unlucky if we dont realize this and discard the religion and its scriptures and rituals, as a few "liberals" are doing today in the West!

There is also another story in India, a famous story. When the Parsis were enroute from Diu to Sanjan in a boat, there was a storm, and in all probability the boats would have capsized, drowning all the travellers in a murky death. At that time, in the middle of the storm, the devout Parsis prayed the "Yatha Ahu Vairyo" the most sacred Zarathushtri prayer, also known as the "Ahunavar" with full faith and the storm subsided. The watching Hindus, a few of whom were travelling with the Parsis, were amazed.

The boat put ashore safely, and the Parsis departed. Afterwards, the Hindus who had accompanied them on the boat were enroute on the sea again when another terrible storm hit. The Hindus were panic-stricken. They suddenly remembered that the Parsis had prayed something, they couldnt recall it properly, so they started praying "Parsi taro tharbariyo, Parsi taro tharbariyo" because it sounded like the original "Yatha Ahu Vairyo". Such was their faith in the Mathra that the storm subsided for them too! Also, such was the power of the Yatha Ahu Vairyo, that even a copy of it had the necessary effect!

About the Significance of the Zarathushtri Head-covering: A Zarathushtri writes: "Can anyone elaborate on the significance of the headcovering? My parents have told me that traditional religious Zarathushtris have always kept the head covered, throughout the day.

There is a highly mystical reason for this. The spiritual power accumulated by praying the sacred words of the Avestan Mathravani verses of prayer is preserved only if the head is covered. For the ancient Zarathushtris, the Mazdayasni Zarathushtri religion was a part of their daily lives and thus they lived thir lives with their heads covered. How proud of their ancient religion were these glorious ancestors of ours, right upto the time of the brave, heroic Sassanians!

Much impressed by the Zarathushtri religion, they took on many beliefs such as heaven and hell, the evil adversary, the final Judgement, the coming Saviour, the Millenium etc. This mystical practise of keeping the head covered must have been taken on by them at that point, although obviously they are loathe to admit it today. The irony is that they have continued this ancient practise whereas we, the Zarathushtris dont seem to want to keep our heads covered in "modern" life, but we should. After a human being dies, according to the Vendidad ancient scripture of the Zoroastrians - the evil spirit of putrefaction rushes on the dead body within about three hours after death, ie.

After this time, the dead body cannot be touched by anybody except special corpse bearers Nassesalars who live apart from the rest. Spiritually and physically, the dead body is most unclean at this time. The body is now bathed in the urine Taro of a special white bull - again an ancient Indo-European or Aryan method of purification.

The clothes are destroyed. A new Sudreh-Kusti are tied on the body the Sudreh being a religious garment, the Kusti an ancient mark of the Aryan people, a religious woollen cord tied around the waist a close parallel being the Janoi of the Indian Brahmins, who too have derived from the Aryan people.

The body is now tied up in old Sudrehs, only the face is kept uncovered. Any person who touches the body at this time has to purify himself by taking the Nahan religious bath with Taro, which he has to pour on his body as well as sip of. The abhorrence the ancient Aryans had for the dead body and its polluting influence is stressed at every step of this ancient ritual. The special corpse bearers now put the corpse on a marble stone.

Fire is kept alongside burning with sandalwood, and a Diva lamp is also lighted. The Dastur Zoroastrian fire-priest now comes and intones special prayers in the ancient Aryan language of Avestan a sister language of Vedic Sanskrit. As per the Vendidad, the soul wanders near the body for the first three days and is as a new-born child, very susceptible to the attack of evil spirits.

The Geh-Sarna ceremony strengthens the soul and helps it to proceed on its way - it is a well known fact that there have never been any ghosts of Zoroastrians because of the powerful effects of the ancient Avestan Mathras verses of prayer. In fact no pregnant woman is allowed to be present near the Geh- Sarna ceremony because of the fear that the powerful incantations may have an adverse effect on the unborn child ie. Such is the power of the Aryan Avestan prayers. The members of the household then say goodbye to the departed for the last time without touching the body.

The corpse bearers then carry away the body on a special iron bier iron and stone cannot be polluted, wood can from the prayer rooms and prepare for its final destruction. In the open, the body is placed on a stone slab and a Dog is brought near to gaze on the face of the dead person. The Dog posseses divine sight, and as per Aryan tradition has the power to see and chase away any evil spirits.

The body is then placed by the bearers in a circular well shaped. Stone like iron is not polluted and so shields the good earth from the evil of putrefaction. As per the Aryan scriptures, the Sun and the Vulture then work systematically and hand-in-hand to destroy the dead body. The rain then falls and washes away the dried bones into the sea. As much as 1 year is allowed in the Aryan scriptures for this process, and this is contrasted to the burial process where the earth is polluted for at least 50 years, and lies shallow and unused for cultivation - the greatest worship of God being cultivation, as per the Aryans.

In an earlier Fargad chapter , Mazda says that they were actions dreamed up by the evil one and taught to humanity to mislead them to pollute the earth and the Fire. Sacred ceremonies then go on for 4 days. On the morning of the 4th day, by the rays of the rising sun, the soul of the departed person ascends and passes to the "ChinvatoPeretu", the Bridge that separates the spiritual Minoi world from the physical Geti world.

There he meets his own conscience, in the form of a Kainini-Keherpa ie, in the astral form of a maiden. The maiden is as beautiful; or as hideous as his own works in the world. The soul is then judged by the divinity Mithra Meher and either passes on to Garodman, the abode of songs where Ahura Mazda God awaits him or to drujo-deman, the abode of the evil one. There the soul waits until it is time for the Resurrection of all the dead and the final defeat and expulsion of evil from THIS world, when death and disease and hunger and thirst will be a thing of the past and God Himself will come down to the earth, assisted by the final Saviour Saoshyant.

More on the Dakhma-nashini method: The Vendidad Vi-daevo-dat, the law against evil is quite clear on this, that Dakhma-nashini is the BEST way, and all other methods eg. This part of the "Saga of the Aryan Race", is based on the Vendidad and was published in the Jame: Ahura Mazda spoke in a thunderous voice. Zarathushtra bowed his head.

He spoke inquiringly: "O Righteous Creator of the corporeal world, how much is this law to turn away from evil, greater, better, more higher than other sacred texts in greatness and fairness? By comparing the Vendidad to the Zraya Vouru Kashem, Ahura Mazda was pointing out the great importance of physical and spiritual cleaniness to the entire world's existance, the cleaniness so methodically explained in the Vi-daevo-dat. The Almighty God now explained to Zarathushtra's inquiring soul, as to how the Aryans should dispose of a dead body.

This was VERY important, since in those days eight thousand years ago the Aryans had begun to stray from their ancient customs of fast disposal of a corpse, and had instead begun to bury or burn their dead. Indeed, the earth mother itself had lamented to Ahura of the many dead bodies that lay in it, thus destroying the full capacity of the earth to produce crops and care for it's children. And thus Ahura Mazda revealed to Zarathushtra the ancient Aryan customs and their meaning, explained in the holy Vi-daevo-dat. If a Mazdayasni Aryan among you dies, place the dead body of that Aryan on the highest place, where most assuredly either the flesh eating dogs or the flesh eating birds can perceive this body.

Then the living Aryan should tie down the feet of the dead one, and his hair to structures either made of iron or stone or lead - if this be not done, the flesh eating dog or flesh eating bird may carry these bones near water or plants and pollute them. It may be made of stone or iron. Then the bones are exposed to the sun.

Traditional Zoroastrianism: Tenets of the Religion

Indeed, when an Aryan dies, his lifeless body may be put down in a place large enough. It may be placed there either two nights or three nights or a month long, uptil the time of spring when the snow melts and the plants grow. If the body is not exposed to the sun in a period of one year, then the Mazdayasni is guilty of an action similar to tormenting a righteous person. Heated by the action of the sun, the water then rises from the sea; rising in the sky till it forms these thunderous clouds! They rain down on My command to give rise to crops and food for mankind, to nourish the thirsty earth.

Thus is the cycle complete. He now asked Ahura Mazda, "O Ahura, the righteous Creator, tell me this: when a man dies when does decomposition nasu rush on him, which does harm to one? This happens immediately after death, after the coming out of the Urvan soul. Then the decomposition nasu rushes in, which does one harm, from the northern dirction. Stinking insects maggots appear and attack from the front part of the knee to posterior parts. This state of the body is boundless filthiness and impurity. Not for the Aryans were the tombs, not for him were the structures and pyramids and methods of other cultures to come later on, that preserved the dead body unnaturally.

Rather, in the Aryan faith the dead body had to be disposed of in the ancient way of the Dakhma and no other, by flesh eating vulture or dog OR SUN or all combined, as explained to Zarathushtra by Ahura Mazda Himself. And the time to do this could be as much as a year. The Sun, the Dog, the flesh-eating bird these are the ways ancient to dispose of the dead Aryan most holy and commanded by Ahura Mazda. O Man! Come, all Aryan fellow-men, let us vow The ancient way of Dakhma-Nashini pure and most effective, we shall adhere to As our Aryan forfathers did in Iran.

It is only recently that I have begun to look into my faith what it means and so on. I would really like to learn more about my religion. The MazdaYasni Zarathushtri religion of our ancestors is the religion God gave us birth in, so it will definitely answer all our questions and satisfy us. Question: "I would like to know how you have managed to obtain so much knowledge on the Zoroastrian faith? Are there books I can read? My elders and Dasturjees definitely know more than me.

What I know, I know by the Grace of God. I attended religious classes conducted by Zoroastrian Studies of Khojeste Mistree , which gave me a very good start and overview of the religion. These books were a great help - they inspired me a lot, because they are pure Aryan scriptures. All my doubts vanished - all my questions were answered. No other religion and I had studied a few before I studied our religion had held the answers for me, mine. It was then that I realized that God had given us birth in our religion by His Divine Will, so that our religion would guide us.

I recommend these books of TR Sethna to you, the translations of our scriptures. They are available for Rupees or so each from Bombay. If you are interested, I can ask my friend Neville Gandhi in Bombay to forward to you some details, prices etc. You can write to him and mention my name. You can also write to Zoroastrian studies, Ground floor, K. Your local library should also have some books on Persian mythology. Books by German scholars are quite good. That will give you a good background. Question: "What is the Vendidad, Dinkard etc.? What exactly are the Gathas? They are pure, inspired poetry - sung by the Prophet of God, praising God.

Zarathushtra tells us in the Gathas to choose between Good and evil. He proclaims the promise of God: He who does good will reap the rewards in Garo-Deman ie. He who does evil will be away from God, and will stay in drujo-deman ie. Zarathustra proclaims that Ahura Mazda will send the Divine Saviours the Saoshyants who will teach men righteousness and fight evil. Finally, one day, the world will be "made fresh" by God - the divine event of Frashogad will take place, when all men and women will be judged and made undying and immortal, evil defeated, and the dead made alive once again.

These concepts of heaven and hell, of the Saviours to come, the Virgin birth the Saviour will be born of a virgin , the Final Judgment, the Bathing of the world by Fire, the final battle between good and evil, the final defeat of evil and the resurrection of the dead - these are all Aryan Zoroastrian concepts which filtered down into Judaism, Christianity and Islam. Truly, our religion was the mother religion of the world! In it, Ahura Mazda reveals to Zarathushtra the various actions prohibited in our religion, and the actions welcomed.

Marriage is enjoined very strongly in the Vendidad - the earth becomes most happy when the righteous MazdaYasni builds on it a house, marries and produces beautiful children, and worships the Holy Fire in the house, living with the dogs, cattle, goats and roosters of the household all of the Good Creation unlike snakes, and cats, which are of the brood of the evil one.

Ahura Mazda prohibits homosexuality and prostitution and enjoins that the Mazda-worshipper MazdaYasni should marry only a Mazda-worshipper. Various laws of cleanliness are detailed eg. Besides it is forbidden for a man to have sex with his wife during the menstrual period, and during pregancy, and in any unnatural way. Sex in our religion is a gift from God, provided it is enjoyed with the married wife and for procreation. According to the Dinkard, Ahura Mazda perceived that evil was about to attack the spiritual Minoi world.

So, Ahura created the material Geti world and the good creation of plants and animals such as the cow, dog, horse, goat, cock etc. For the 1st years, Gayo-Maretan lived a perfect life, worshipping Ahura Mazda constantly therefore he was a MazdaYasni ie, he who worships Ahura.

Then, the evil one rose from his abyss. As God had forseen, the evil one was attracted by the material world, and attacked it through the sky. He polluted the ocean, the earth, and caused the plants and trees to wilt and die. He attacked the cow, who died very soon, and then the body of Gayomaretan, who witstood him for 30 more years. Finally, Gayomaretan died too. It seemed the evil one was victorious, and that death reigned everywhere on the earth. However, new plants spang up from the old. From the body of the slain Gayomaretan, the first man and woman sprang forth as if flowers from a tree.

They were Mashya and Mashyani. They united in divine love, and more children were born God had brought love and birth into the world. The evil one turned to escape from the Geti material world - but God had blocked his way, sealing off the spiritual from the physical world. The Chinvad bridge became the only link between the physical and the spiritual world from then on, for the souls of the slain. The evil one was trapped - and God immediately sent more Fravashis to be born on the earth, to be his Ratheshtars warriors and fight against evil. The battle between good and evil thus goes on - till the end time, when God will send His Saviour Saoshyant and defeat evil once and for all, making the creation Fresh once again.

This is called Frasho-kereti, the Making Fresh of the world. At that time, unhappiness, poverty, illness, disease and death will be no more, and men will neither hunger nor thirst. This is the creation of the world as per our faith. I believe in all this with all my heart. Gayomaretan was created a MazdaYasni ie, worshipping Ahura Mazda. Our scriptures say the first Aiwiyaongahana Kusti girdle was placed around his waist by Ahura Mazda, the mark that he was a MazdaYasni, and a member of the Aryan people. Zarathushtra was the Saviour of the Faith - he was sent by Ahura thousands of years later when the Mazdayasni faith had deteriorated.

He restored the faith to its ancient purity. These divine verses are what our Aryan ancestors prayed to the Creation for thousands and thousands of years. They were the true MazdaYasnis, worshippers of God. The Vendidad also contains, in the first Fargad chapter the ancient history of the Aryan race in the ancient homeland Aryanam Vaejo Seedland of the Aryans under King Jamshed before they migrated to Iran, upper India, Greece and Europe.

Inspired by this, I wrote the "Saga of the Aryan race", which tells the story of our Aryan ancestors, and their MazdaYasni religion. The book has been published in Bombay. You have your whole life ahead of you. I think I started later than you did. According to our religion, the age of Fifteen ie. PanchDasavo Avestan is the most perfect age. The Vendidad says that King Jamshed's reign was so perfect that father and son both looked like fifteen-year olds.

Ichaporia Dear Friends: I hope you will enjoy the following short article. Zoroastrian doctrines and rituals should be studied within the historical context. The elaboration and propagation of ritual practices over time must be elucidated in order to comprehend fully the values attached to beliefs and practices, as Zoroastrians and their culture cannot be separated from their heritage. In Zoroastrian rituals a symbolic relationship is established among the actions, words, objects and substances used in the rites and the religious universe itself.

The revelatory encounter with symbols, although present in everyday life, occurs most forcefully within the religious and social parameters of ritual practices. The Pahlavi. The theological linking of the spiritual and material aspects of the universe in the Gathas froms the basis of every action. It is firmly believed that only by adhering to the creed of "good thoughts, good words and good deeds" Av. Also the cosmic and ethical dualism present in the Zoroastrian faith provides the basis for all the rituals in both doctrine and practice.

The other major rituals like performing Yasna ceremony and even outer rituals first require the Zoroastrian priests to undergo such purification rituals before performing any major or minor rituals. The Zoroastrian beliefs and ritual practices are integrated into the religion over years and are doing well. Both beliefs and ritual practices are integrated into the religion and presented as a unified part of the planned and purposeful work of Ahura Mazda and they connect the material and spiritual worlds thus making the entire universe a holy singularity whose purity must be maintained at all times and all His seven creations must remain in the untainted state in perfect ecological balance to further His plan of renovation by making the existence brilliant and ushering the triumph of truth over lie and deceit.

Ichaporia Dear Friends; I hope following will be of interest to you. Zoroastrians must be properly initiated by ordained priests into the religious community. In the ancient times this occured at the age of fifteen, the ancient Iranian age of maturity to become responsible for his or her religious, moral and communal life See: Yast 8[Tir], and Videvdat This warning from the Spirit of Evil underscores the emphasis placed on the proper initiation into the Zoroastrian faith. During the initiation ceremony the candidate wears a sacred white undershirt Phl.

P and Parsi Guj. The initiation seems to be based on the ancient Indo-Iranian custom of investing only the male members of society with a sacred girdle as a sign of their membership within the community. A similiar practice persists to-day among Hindus where male members of the three upper castes Skt. The sacred cord is knotted by an ordained Hindu priest and worn under the clothes diagonally around the body over the right shoulder and under the left arm. Hindus never untie this cord but slip it aside and step out of it when neccessary. The pre-Zoroastrian origin of the rite of initiation is found in 'Dadestan-i-Denig', where it is clearly stated that king Yima Xshaeta Jamshid introduced the sacred girdle, centuries before Zarathushtra See D-i-D, This initiation rite has been practiced since the the earliest years of the faith and there can not be any second opinion about it.

The age of initiation into the faith of Zarathushtra was gradually lowered with the present day Irani Zoroastrians undergoing it between twelve and fifteen and with Parsi Zoroastrians initiating their children at the age of seven. This may be due to influence of Hinduism. As in Hindusim, the Zoroastrian initiation symbolizes spiritual rebirth or second birth. After their initiations, Zoroastrians must ritually untie and tie the sacred girdle very time they pray or perform Padyab-Kushti.

Grounds for Play

Sadra and Kustig must be worn every day and night during the life time of each and every individual. The Padyab-Kustig is performed before a Zoroastrian can engage in any religous activity as it ensures the purity of his body and soul. It is enjoined that this ritual be performed early each morning on rising from sleep, prior to religious act of eating, before ablutions, at the begining of each of the five periods of the day and after urination and excretion.

Although this may be hard to follow but one will still find most ordained Zoroastrian priests and devout Zoroastrians still true to this ancient tradition. The main principle underlying this ceremony is to providing religioritual purity for the performance of religious functions as praying, approaching the sacred fires, attending funeral ceremonies before and after , eating etc. With kindest regards to all. Intermarriage is a Deadly Sin for the Zarathushtris, as per a great Zarathushtri Sage: "If a man commits intercourse with a woman of a different religion, what is your view? I am proud to reproduce it here, with special permission from the General Editor Noshir Dadrawalla, who is a staunch young religious Zarathushtri with tremendous faith in our Holy Scriptures.

May our Zarathustri KOM race produce many more such as him, with courage to stand up for the religious truth. Article titled: Pahlavi Rivayat or Persian Rivayat which is more authentic? Kaikhusroo M. Jamaspasa in his Preface to Behramgore T. The operative words in the above quote are "a monument of literary and religious past", "one of the oldest Pahlavi expositions extant today", about "legal, religious and social customs, usages and practices of devout Zoroastrians".

Before coming to the pertinent extracts fnom the text, which is the raison detre of this article, a few lines on one of the most sagacious DASTURS of the 9th century A. In PahIavi, he is always referred to as Hudeenan Peshopay e , "the leader of the faithful". There were other "leaders of the faithful" also. In a revealing statement, the late Mr. Behramgore T. Anklesaria, an outstanding Pahlavi scholar. The above quotations are from B. These queries deal with a variety of subjects - from adoption, guardianship and borrowing to ablution, rights of women and conversion!

This question appears as the th question. How wilt it be if the woman becomes pregnant,and if impregnated by him? How will it be if the woman is in her menses, and if she is not, what is your view? Behrams, performing of certain big inner liturgical ceremonies, etc. But, for our purpose, what matters is the first line in the reply, about a Zoroastrian man having sexual liaison with a non- Zoroastrian and the consequence thereof, from the Zoroastrian viewpoint. Naturally, many points and questions arise, which deserve to be considered and answered satisactorily.

For example: a Here, the relationship referred to is an illicit or an illegal one and not a marriage with a non Zornastrian. Petit aware of this reference? Was any evidence of this kind cited before the Court of Justices Davar and Beaman? Our Answers: a For a legitimate marriage,in the Zoroastrian religion. In ancient Iran, to call any other man-woman relationship a "marriage" was not only unheard of, but also unthinkable. There was nothing as absurd like a dotted line to sign on. But an answer, and a plausible one at that, can be attempted. Even at present, there is nothing like ex-communication in our community,.

Today, instead, what is demanded of those who prefer to "marry" outside the community is that they should not visit our consecrated fire temples and they cannot be consigned to the Towers of Silence In Avestan; it is known as the TanaPeretha sin. In the Pahlavi Rlvayats,when the word ak-deen is used, it is believed to have been used for a Muslim.

Neville Wadia! We, today, are lucky that we have Behramgore's translation with us. Conclusion: This Pahlavi Rivayat provides sufficient evidence for the practice and usage among the Parsis in India, who, at least, till the beginning of this century, refused to permit a Zoroastrlan male "marrying" a non-Zoroastrian to be considered a full-fledged Zoroastrlan. Isn't it time, some resourceful Zoroastrian takes it up with the Bombay Parsi Punchayat to undo the grave wrong that is perpetrated today, of allowing a Zoroastrian man who has "married" a non-Zoroastrian to go scot-free in matters religious.

The Hudeenan Peshopay e would, we are certain, have strongly disapproved! General editor Noshir Dadrawalla. This will help to defeat the LIE that the evil one is spreading, in the garb of the "liberal" propaganda in the Internet mailing list. We, as soldiers of righteousness, must fight against this lie. Regards, Porus. A Zarathushtri lady Mrs. Pervin Mistry writes on inter-marriage. Fellow Mazdayasni Zarathushtris, The following letter was published recently in the famous Jam-e- Jamshed Zoroastrian newspaper of India.

It is from Mrs. Pervin Mistry, a staunch Zarathushtri lady of Canada who has had the moral courage to stand up to the "liberal" outsiders and their destructive propaganda of intermarriage, which has spread like a dangerous POISON among the Zarathushtris in the West, and which ultimately threatens our religion itself.

Kudos to Mrs. I have always believed that it is due to Zarathushtri ladies such as her, with full faith in their religion and who vow to marry only to a fellow-Zarathushtri, that the Zarathushtri community and religion will never die out. We need more women like this today, the stuff our mothers and grandmothers were made of: for them, "inter-marriage" was a very, very wrong and unthinkable.

Their feelings could be aptly summed up as: "I would die, but I would not. Let a non-Zarathushtri touch Even a strand of hair from my body! Jam-e-Jamshed Sir, Many Zoroastrians believe that the survival of our religious community rests in numbers. They are alarmed at the recent trend of low birth-rate which is not exclusively confined to the Zarathushtri population but worries all the communities in all developed countries Including Italy, which is a predominently catholic country wherein birth control is minimal.

Statistics show that the increase in population is mostly restricted to third world countrIes. This concern regarding dwindling numbers produces "demographic paranoia" among some Zarathustris who prescribe an "open door" policy encouraging our youth to marry outside the community. Some have accepted proselytism to increase the statistical count. However, our community would do well to learn from its past history which proves that groups of Zarathushtris who left Iran after the Arab conquest, to settle in Europe and Asia except India perished through their "open door" policy of inter- communal marriages.

There are no living, practising Zarathushti descendants of these groups.

Books by Porus Homi Havewala (Author of The Saga of the Aryan Race - Volume 1)

Even the most recent scientific studies PROVE the "open door" policy to be an inevitable exercise in rapid extinction. I submit the following account for those who prescribe inter-communal marriages and proselytism in order to increase our numbers. The issue of National Geographic,. It is not just the Birales who face extinction due to seeking marriages outside their own tribe in order to increase their numbers, but other indigenous tribes in various parts of the world are also documented as facing extinction due to the influence of outside cultures.

Anthropologists are concerned about the loss of languages and cultures. What about our concern for our religion and our survival as a religious community? It has been proven that most children of inter-communal marriages do not practise any one religion. They are caught between two religions and end up following no particular religion. They follow the trend of "Humanism" or "Universalism" which subscribes to leading a "good life" without prescribing any differentiation between "good" and "evil". This trend has led to the current movement of Egality and "Rights" - which are not morally and spiritually right or correct, as proven by the rising tide of crime, violence, atrocities worldwide!

Newsweek, July 22, , pg. This trend, combined with a below-replacement birth rate, a rising tide of divorce Emphasis added. Rabbi Gunther Plaut of Holy Blossom temple in Toronto, in response to the question "Why do Jews continue to object to a mixed marriage? Increasing numbers of young Jews no longer consider Judaism a vital factor in their lives, nor are they convinced maintenance of the Jewish people is a goal that must be pursued at all costs.

They will marry out of the faith, and if this means the diminution of age-hold Jewish hopes and even implies the potential destruction of the Jewsish people, they will still put their own predilections first Jews are a tiny majority in the world and barely more than 1 percent in Canada.

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I hope that our reformist Zarathushtris will pay heed to the warning and concerns the other communities are expressing for their own survival. The rising number of youth marrying outside their own religious communities is another current trend which is not confined to our community alone.

Religion is a prescriptive moral. The Statscan research also reveals that these couples separate within five years, and the adults then renew their search for a new family! One wedge opens the others! Our ancestors who left Iran to settle in India knew that inter- communal marriages were the chief cause of the downfall of the Sassanian empire, resulting in treason, corruption and religious rivalry which contributed to the Empire's downfall from within.

Some Zarathushtris believe that inter-communal marriages were accepted and encouraged in the Sassanian times, because the Shah- namah gives instances of Sassanian royalty marrying Juddin princesses. They erroneously believe that only after coming to India, did the Parsis oppose such exogamous marriages due to the promise given to Jadi Rana not to engage in contracting inter- communal marriages or proselytizing the Hindus. This proves that even in the days of the Empire, inter-communal marriages were not promoted but strongly opposed - not only among the laity but even among the royalty.

Sincerely, Pervin J. Mistry, Ontorio, Canada. I dont know about the rest of you, but I am convinced. I VOW herewith to marry only to a fellow Zarathushtri. May Ahura Mazda help me to keep this holy vow, notwithstanding all the trials and temptations all around, notwitstanding the "liberals" and the outsiders who mock this resolve. Come, who will join me in this noble task of preserving our great religion? The Jame, as the newspaper is affectionately called, is a respectable years old, Parsi-Zoroastrian weekly, printed and published in Bombay, India.

The importance of wearing sudreh-kusti at all times and of not smoking is emphasised. There is also a mention about precautions as far as children are concerned; the importance of communicating in one's mother tongue Gujarati or Farsi and encouragement to proudly proclaim oneself as traditional followers of Zoroastrianism. The letter clearly shows that one who marries within one's own ethnic group is not a "racist", instead one is just preserving the community identity.

The authors do insist that friendships beyond ethnic, religious and national boundaries are not wrong, it is only inter-marraige amongst other groups that causes the Parsi racial identity to be lost. Common doubts in young people's mind "Why should I marry within my race and religion only", "Are we being too elitist if we do so", "Is this practise of marrying within my community anti-Indian and unpatriotic", etc, etc. The authors have done well to choose the dialogues between Mr.

Golwala, the past editor of "The Observer" and Prof. Gadgil one of India's greatest and most practical scholar and teacher to answer the above doubts. The replies given by Prof. Gadgil range from "Your forefathers came from a distant land to India to preserve their heritage", "No, do not merge with the large Hindu whole", "The national interest does not demand your. The pressures on Parsi Zoroastrians in the Western world, especially in America is mentioned. We are counselled to look into our traditional Zoroastrian literature to withstand such peer pressure and the need to sometimes take a non "politically correct" stand where the religion is concerned.

The significance of the Zoroastrian tenet of "tokham pasbani" preservation of the seed even in today's "modern" age is mentioned. Lastly, the authors tell us about the need of humility and an open mind to understand our Scriptures and their esoteric secrets. Speed reading of the Scriptures is definitely out! Their counsel to sometimes start with "blind" faith irrationality and then wait patiently for one's consciousness to expand for rational answers is indeed wise for not only understanding the true tenets of Zoroastrianism, but also to do so for all other great religions of the world.

The authors have given their addresses for further contact. Havewala; and we do share his concerns expressed therein. Any of us who venture out overseas must be extra vigilant and staunch in one's religious practice. On top of all the misery the Zoroastrians had to pay a heavyreligious tax known as Jizya. Due to corruption of the tax officials, at times twice and eventhree times the official figure would be collected, because every intermediary had to re-ceive his share.

If the families could not afford paying the Jizya, their children were beatenand even tortured and their religious books were thrown in fire. Under the woeful conditions, some had to convert and there werethose who declared themselves Moslems, picked up Islamic names, but in secret con-tinued Zoroastrian practices. Today the latter group among the Zoroastrians is known asJaddid new. The last two are recorded atthe villages surrounding the city of Boarzjan and Turkabad near Yazd.

To present the true picture of Zoroastrian life in that era, I will quote several writers NapierMalcom: , Dr. The Zoroastrians even were not allowedto wear shoes but only slippers. They had to put on a dirty torn cap and sew a yellow oldpatch on their back, so that would be distinguished in public places. Their pants had to beshort, so that when stones were thrown at them hit their exposed legs. They were not al-lowed to wear a new suit, the dirtier the cloth, and the less punishment. A prominent Zoro-astrian merchant had put on a new pant. In the market place he was surrounded by moband was forced to remove his pant, hold it on his head and walk back home.

Zoroastriansentering a Moslem house had to carry a shawl upon which they had to sit, so that the placewill not be polluted. Zoroastrian farmers subsisted on the sale of their products. Once anauthority announced their products are impure, people refused buying from them. Afterreceiving payment, he declared that if those products are kept high in the air, are purified. A Zoroastrian girl carrying products to the city was raped. The attackers claimed she wasdrunk and was responsible for the crime.

The girl could not tolerate the stigma and com-mitted suicide by setting herself ablaze. The misery of Zoroastrians is beyond description. Some even converted to Islam to be able to protect their old co-religionists. Due to the ex-tent of oppression, agony and destitution, many Zoroastrians ventured the hazardous jour-ney to India. They had to risk their lives by crossing the hostile desert on donkeys or evenon foot. Those who could afford voyaged aboard the ships. In India, they were recognizedfor Sadra and Kushti and were sheltered by their Parsi brethren.

In the new environment,they proved their talents in business and science and prospered. The woeful plight of theZoroastrians caused the Parsis to dispatch emissaries to Iran. For one yearNo. He found the Zoroastrians to be uneducated and suffered from endemic diseases and malnutrition.

Worse than all, centuries of oppression and persecution had taken a heavy toll on their spirit. The commu- nity had no confidence in herself and no hope for the future. Maneckji upon return to India reported his findings to the Parsi Panchayet. This is truly a historical document, part of which is quoted hereunder: Dear Sir; This noble group has suffered in the hands of cruel and evil people so much that they are totally alien to knowledge and science. For them even black and white, and good and evil are equal. Their men have been forcefully doing menial works in the construction and as slaves receive no payment.

As some evil and immoral men have been looking after their women and daughters, this sector of Zoroastrians community even during daytime stays indoor. Despite all the poverty, heavy taxes under the pretexts of land, space, pasture land; inheritance and religious tax Jizya are imposed on them. The local rulers have been cruel to them and have plundered their possessions. They have forced the men to do the menial construction work for them.

Vagrants have kidnapped their women and daughters. Worse than all, community is dis- united. Their only hope is the advent of future savior Shah Bahram Varjavand. Because of extreme misery, belief in the savior is so strong that 35 years earlier when an astrologer forecasted the birth of the savior, many men in his search left the town and were lost in the desert and never returned. Perhaps this one sentence of Maneckji epitomizes the sorry plight of the community. Once again Maneckji re- turned to Iran.

This time he devoted his life toward saving his co-religionists from the brink of extinction. He followed three goals: To educate the community, to organize them and to abolish the burden of Jizya. He was a charming man who rallied the support of Dadabhoy Naorjoi and some of the European ambassadors to eliminate the injustice suffered by so many Zoroastrian generations in Iran. Several times he intervened in the unfair court rul- ings and forced them to reverse the unjust decisions. At that time if a Moslem murdered a Zoroastrian, the culprit would automatically be freed.

If a Moslem borrowed money from a Zoroastrian and denied it, court would side with the Moslem. On the other hand, if a Zoro- astrian borrowed from a Moslem and could not afford paying back, court would force his relatives, neighbors and friends to raise fund and defray the loan. In his pursuit of educating the community, Maneckji faced unexpected difficulties for the following reasons: 1.

The Zoroastrians for centuries had been prohibited from receiving education, just to be content with subsisting on menial jobs. The change of direction was difficult and even some believed that education will cause them not to be able to work and earn money: 2. The children worked and their dismal income nevertheless, subsidized the family.

The fami- 13 No. Parents missed their children and they were notready to send them away. Some Zoroastrian leaders became envious of Maneckji, evensaying that education will deprive the community of future workers who can make a living;some were even envious of children who will receive better education that they did.

Despiteall the obstacles Maneckji prevailed and eventually picked up boys from Kerman and Yazd,took them to Tehran and founded a boarding school for them. To teach them, Maneckji published books andemployed the best scholars, some of whom were educated in Europe. From these childrenfuture teachers evolved, who were scattered in the cities of Yazd and Kerman and Zoroas-trian villages and educated the community. The result is that today illiteracy rate among theZoroastrian population is near zero.

His historical achieve-ment was the abolition of the religious tax Jizya. Maneckji, through the direct negotiationswith the Qajar King, Nassereddin Shah persuaded him to abolish the burden of Jizya andthat took place in August of A. Through the enticement and direct involvement ofManeckji and his successor, Zoroastrians later formed local associations named after thethen king, Nasseri Anjumans.

I would like to quote the late Dr. Now, after centuries of suffering, the Zoroastrians began to enjoy the breeze of relativefreedom and even under the unequal opportunities they proved their talents and abilities. One businessman, Jamshid Jamshidian known as Arbab Jamshid founded a trade centerin the capital city of Tehran. He was well respected for his honesty and success even by theQajar Kings. The notes of Jamshidian center generally were regarded and accepted as bank notes. Another Zoroastrian family, Jahanian, established a business center in Yazd.

They expand-ed their business and even opened a branch office in New York. The public also acceptedthe notes of the Jahanian Center as bank note. The five brothers were planning to foundthe first Iranian National Bank. But the assassination of one of the brothers, Parviz, forcedthem to abandon the plan. Iranian public, generally held the British responsible for the as-sassination, believing that they did not want the Iranians to establish and own banks. Dueto the unstable national economy, the two business centers at the end went bankrupt. Therevolution for the establishment of constitutional monarchy took place in A.

The Zoroastrians were active in this revolution and oneof them, Fereidoun Fereidounian was martyred. The new constitution officially recognizedthe Zoroastrians as a minority entitle to one Parliamentary deputy. The first elected deputywas Jamshidian, who after one term, voluntarily withdrew and the next deputy, a young en-ergetic politician named Keikhosrow Shahrokh was elected who was trusted and respectedby the Moslems as well as Zoroastrians. In this capacity he encour- aged all the landowners to sell their crops at a reasonable price to the silo. That you always think and act for the welfare and prosperity of the nation?

The pre-Islamic history, Keyanian, Pishdadian, Achaeme- nian, Parthian, and Sassanian were taught in the schools and Iranians were given a new sense of identity and a fresh direction. The Persian vocabulary was refined from many Arabic words and replaced by pure Persian vocables. Schools, roads, national railroad, factories and universities were built. The first chair of the Avestan studies was established in the University of Tehran, school of literature, under the directorship of the late Professor Pour Davoud who reintroduced the Avesta to the Iranians and after him one of his students the late Dr.

Bahram Fravashi chaired the section. When the building of Iranian Parliament was consumed by fire, Reza Shah looking for an honest and trusted man to carry out the enormous project of reconstruction, appointed Shahrokh for this task. Rustam Guiv was elected to the parliament and later to the Iranian Senate, whose generos- ity has enlightened many Zoroastrian communities around the world. Next deputy was Dr. Esfandiyar Yeganegi an economi- cian and founder of an irrigation company who was respected by the whole nation for his generosity and charitable works.

We will welcome you with open arms. Parsis at this time founded two high schools Anoushiravan Dadgar for girls and Firooz-Bahram for boys. These schools have graduated many Iranian scholars, professionals, lead- ers and statesmen who always have cherished their memories of studying there. Parsis also contributed to founding schools in the Zoroastrian Villages of Yazd.

They also established clinics and dispatched Parsi physicians. The reason was not only to treat No. Actually some medical facilities did not accept Zoroastrian patients,consequently in their own homeland they were alien and ailing, and died young because ofbigotry. The Parsi-founded clinics, however, delivered service equally to all patients at needregardless of religion. They remained in operation until Goodarz Hospital was founded by theGoodarz Jahanian-Varza brothers in Yazd and employed European and Iranian physicians.

Later Laal Maternity Hospital and a nursing school were annexed to it. During the Iran-Iraq war, Goodarz Hospital delivered a great service by treating the woundedIranian soldiers. Once the hospital became operational, the Parsi clinics were transferred tothe Red Lion and Sun organization. The late Peshotan Marker is to be mentioned who found-ed Marker known as Markar Foundation that includes boarding schools. These schoolswere managed and directed by the late Soroush Lohrasp who recently passed away.

The number of other students in the Zoroastrian schools surpass far beyond the Zoroastrians. Meanwhile, the community under the unequal opportunities resorted to education so muchthat the illiteracy rate among the Zoroastrians is almost zero while the national illiteracy rateapproaches forty percent. The proportion of Zoroastrians with a university degree is the high-est among the nation. They have founded schools, hospitals, industries, business centersand charitable organizations.

Zoroastrians founded the first modern city in Iran at the TehranSuburb. The community has produced physicians, engineers, professors, teachers, profes-sionals, industrialists, and army generals. They have held important governmental positionsup to the acting finance minister and deputy prime minister. Two Mobeds educated fromCama Athornan Madressa, exercised an effective role in the religious leadership and edu-cation of the community.

The Zoroastrians are well recognized as the genuine Iranians andrespected for the reputation of scrupulous honesty. In I met an Iranian who complained ofgovernmental corruption in Iran. But he admitted that when Dr. Farhang Mehr was the act-ing finance minister, no one talked about bribe. In a young Parsi in Iran told me that he had applied for several jobs. ThePresidents of the companies had informed him that they had other applicants but because hewas a Zoroastrian, they were giving him priority. In Tehran was under curfew.

Sarfehin an editorial wrote: he did not carry his I. The officerin charge asked his name and then allowed him to go free and be a young Parsi in Irantold me that he had applied for several jobs. The Presidents of the companies had informedhim that they had other applicants but because he was a Zoroastrian, they were giving himpriority. Sarfeh in an editorial wrote: on his way to visiting a patient, he was stopped by a soldier and as he did not carry his I. The officer in charge asked his name and then allowedhim to go free and be escorted. When Dr.

Heresponded it is not necessary, because your name indicates that you are a Zoroastrianandwe trust and respect you. In , Iran was facing a meat shortage. Ate dolese dio con utat incidunt wiscin etNo. Two Mobeds educated from Cama Athornan Madres- sa, exercised an effective role in the religious leadership and education of the community. The Zoroastrians are well recognized as the genuine Iranians and respected for the repu- tation of scrupulous honesty.

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In I met an Iranian who complained of governmental corruption in Iran. Farhang Mehr was the acting finance minister, no one talked about bribe. In as he did not carry his I. The officer in charge asked his name and then allowed him to go white anger. That is why the crisis was over soon At the turn of the recent revolution many scholars of the Zoroastrian studies suffered physical, psychological and financial punishments. Some were arrested, jailed and beaten.

Others lost their jobs and even suffered the loss of a dear one, yet they pursued. These men have long foregone material interests and for the love of Zarathushtra put their families in distress. Their service to Zoroastrianism is beyond description. Ali Jafarey, Dr. Bahram Fravashi, Dr. Hussein Vahidi, Hashim Razi and Dr. Ahmad Tafazzoli are to be named as examples. We must dedicate our love and heartfelt thanks and gratitude to these men whose devotion has brought us closer to the message of Zarathushtra than ever before.

Today many Iranians in search of their national identity and original roots are looking into Zoroastrianism. Although currently in Iran many discriminatory laws are practiced and Zoroastrians as other minorities are not employed by the government, nevertheless they enjoy the public trust and respect as the people regard them as genuine Iranians who morally and histori- cally represent their ancestors. The Zoroastrians in spite of all the hardships and indigni- ties suffered by their ancestors will always remain patriotic to Iran.

It is interesting that the Parsis of India even after a thousand years living in India look toward Iran as their true homeland. Iran is the birthplace and homeland of Zarathushtra, our beloved prophet and we are connected to our motherland by profound religious, cultural and historical roots. There must be a reason why Zoroastrianism survived. Many of us have seen pov- population consists of chil- door with a house they called erty in one form or another. Together, Os- to expand the project. The because it makes them sad. The first child to they ask.

FSF is a non-profit be brought in the door of this organization composed of a charity in was Lucien; Nouchine Oshidari, saw few volunteers. The objective he was adopted by one of poverty with a thirst for pro- of the Charity is to help chil- the charity founders. He is gression. Instead of shed- now 19 years old and lives ding a few tears and then dren by providing them with in Switzerland.

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Nouchine accepting its inevitability, she improved shelter, and love. In a conversation place to go. They become ters Sofia 5 , and Nina 4. Join me in congratu- starting a foundation to help children with a transitional lating her for her selfless unwanted, malnourished, home, food, and comfort until service to mankind and for and abused children they they can be placed with a truly living the message of had seen there.

Oshidari permanent family, either lo- the Gathas. This is a website Being one of the ten poorest with limited content operated by countries in the world, Mada- a mostly Swiss team since the gascar is a victim of econom- founders and most donors are ic, ecological, and human from Switzerland. The language disasters. Nearly half the is in French. Another table Yasna, The posters would Truth with all the tively step by step. This Darfur. Within the back of Translation: D.

Irani mission is driven by the the synagogue, lasagna Once again the CZC California Zoroastrian belief that everyone and cookies were be- Center teen class set out to volunteer and has something to give, ing made for a homeless have fun on May 3rd at a yearly event known as no matter who you are, shelter in Laguna Beach. Big Sunday. Behind this unusual title, Big Sunday what you do, how much The last section consisted represents a day where individuals, groups, and money you have, where of the decoration and 19 No.

California Zoroastrian Center be. We all had effort. Overall, the entire voted to visit a synagogue day was a great success in Irvine earlier in April, and every single one of where we would paint us urged our teachers to pots for senior citizens. Step by step, at the building, we real- the CZC teen class will ized that creating pots continue with our efforts was only a small portion in helping our community, of the activities. Neatly but in addition advance organized in different sec- the achievements of the tions, every part of the Zoroastrian religion!!

One old member of the Cali- section was filled with donated toiletries, where fornia Zoroastrian youth group and lives with volunteers would place these supplies in bags her family in Huntington for men and women in Beach, CA. By: Dina G McIntyre It is difficult — but necessary -- for us to original immigrant communities whose acknowledge this truth.

The future languages, cultures and traditions now are belongs to our children and only a sentimental heritage to their descen- grandchildren. We, of the older dants -- not really a part of their lives. But, generation, will be an influence, a memory to the extent relevant to their lives, these in tomorrow. But tomorrow does not descendants still are belong to us. In Whatever we wish them to carry into the other words, across the generations, the future has to be meaningful and many languages, traditions and relevant to their lives, or they will not take it cultures of the original immigrants did not survive.

Their religions did. Lighting the Future Zarathushti history also is instructive. How many of us today — even in Iran or India — speak in the same language, or have the same traditions and culture as our ancestors the Achaemenians? Yet the values, the way of living, taught by Zarathushtra, and practiced by early Achaemenian kings, survive today.

What does this tell us about lighting the future? As difficult as it may be, we have to accept the truth that to our great-great- grandchildren, the languages, cultures and traditions of Iran and India will be only a sentimental heritage -- not a part of their lives. But to the extent relevant to their lives, they may still practice the teachings of Zarathushtra — if they know those teachings. What do we want them to carry The core and the externals.

Is it a religion? A culture? A language? A All religions have a core, and externals. The timeless core of is what nurtures the A look at American history is instructive. In soul, gives life meaning. It helps us to grow the 18th, 19th and 20th centuries, waves of as individuals, regardless of what century immigrants came over -- the English, Scots, or country we might live in. The externals Scandanavians, and Germans, who were are like the clothes we wear, and the activities Protestants; the Italians, Southern Europe- we engage in. The ans, and Irish, who were Catholics, to name externals of a religion should express the a few.

The first generation was fiercely core in ways that make the core loyal to the language, culture, traditions, meaningful in a particular time period and and religion, of their homelands. Today, culture. This core is so beautiful. It is as no relevance to these young minds. Andrelevant to life today as it was 3, years a chance to light the future will have beenago, and as it will be millennia into the lost.

It is a religion which if we follow it! We should also teach themexistence, on an on-going basis. It teaches us to do what is right for its own At one time it was used by all Zoroastrianssake, without the bribe of a nice place to go who understood its meaning. Anotherto after death. Thesethought, word and action. It is a religion of externals should begenerosity and joy, of loving and enjoying explained, adapted, and used, in ourlife in moderation.

It is a religion that sees activities in ways that arethe divine as all good, a Friend, a Beloved, meaningful today, so that they can bea part of us, the fire that exists in all things. We should alsotradtions have created externals that reflect supplement the old externals with newthe teachings of the Gathas, in ones that express the core. Forinteresting and lovely ways, many of weddings, navjotes, funerals, and otherwhich, unfortunately, we have ceremonies, we should allow the participantsforgotten.

Other externals reflect to add to the ceremony whatever makes itcultural perceptions that have become more meaningful to them. For example, the notion that evilcomes from the north, and Supplementing our prayers and rituals. Suchthings are not the core of our Today, our prayers and rituals are all inreligion. They are externals. They may languages that we do not understand. Ihave made sense in the time love the sound of the prayers beingperiod which generated them, but they chanted in moderation. And I love the firedo not make sense today. They are out and the fragrance of incense. But a ceremonyof touch with reality.

They need to be would be more meaningful to me if I werechanged. Our kids in school are taught to not just a spectator — if I could understandthink, and question. If we teach them the it and participate in it. This is what thethem, then by the time they are 10, or 11, Sasanians did when they composed the Khordeh Avesta prayers. The Sasanian em- 21 No. By We, and our children, need to translate Zara-then, people no longer understood Avestan. They did not ful to our lives, and in the process, developabolish or abandon the Avestan prayers thank friendship and understanding in the largergoodness!

They supplemented them by composing theKhordeh Avesta prayers, which have bits and Building Communitypieces from the Gathas, but which otherwiseare in Pazand — a language that was under- We have to face the fact that many of ourstood by the people of that day. TheAfter the Arab invasion, we clung to the prayers question is not: Will they or wont they.